Internet Shutdowns In Great Lakes Sub-Region
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Internet Shutdowns In Great Lakes Sub-Region

Burundi

April 2015

o   All social media was shut down (WhatsApp, Facebook, twitter and YouTube)

o   Protests against Nkirunziza's third term bid

o   The government’s reason for the shutdown was for National Security

 

May 2015

o   All social media was shut down (WhatsApp, Facebook, twitter and YouTube)

o   The move was towards reducing access to information over the anticipated election.

Republic of Congo

March 2016

o   All internet/SMS and telephone services were shut off for 48 hours

o   This was a result of the election protests

o   The reason for the shutdown was for national security, safety and illegal publication of the election results

o   The shutdown lasted 48 hours

Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC)

January and February 2018

o   Total internet shutdown

o   It was as a result of the social unrest to denounce postponement of elections for another year

o   It lasted three days.

December 2018

o   Shut down on mobile and fixed-line connections and social media disruptions.

o   It happened as the country went to the polls to replace Joseph Kabila

o   It lasted a 24 hours

Uganda

February 2006

o   Blocked access of website for Radio Katwe

o   Reason was claimed to be for publishing malicious and false information against the NRM and it presidential candidate.

April 2011

o   Temporary directive to ISPs to block Facebook and Twitter for 24hours

o   During the walk to work protests over the rising fuel and food prices.

o   The reason provided was to prevent violence

o   The restriction lasted four days

February 2016

o   All social media platforms and mobile money services

o   Took place on the eve of the presidential elections

o   This lasted four days

May 2016

o   All social media platforms and mobile money services

o   This happened a day before President Yoweri Museveni’s inauguration ceremony for his fifth term

o   This lasted for 24 hours

Kenya

December 2007

o   Government banned all live broadcasting (traditional media blackout) and SMS

o   This was in response to the 2007 post-election violence

o   This led to the introduction of the National cohesion and Integrated Commission (NCIC)

Sudan

April 2010

o   Sudanese authorities blocked YouTube and Google

o   This was in response to a video on YouTube portraying election rigging by the National Electoral Commission Workers

September 2012

o   YouTube was banned

o   The reason was for not removing the Innocence of Muslims film on YouTube.

December 2018

o   Sudanese authorities blocked access to all social media sites.

o   This was as a result of the protests calling for the resignation of President Omar al-Bashir

o   This lasted eight days

April 2019

o   Social media blocks we re-introduced

o   They were geared to stop the circulation of posts on the demonstrations

o   The ban was lifted after Omar al-Bashir declared to step down.

June-July 2019

o   Restrictions on the Internet

o   As protest rocked Sudan

o   The reason for the restrictions was to prevent flow of information.

o   The ban was lifted at the beginning of August 2019

Zambia

February 1996

o   First official incident of internet censorship in Africa

o   The ban was on “The post” newspaper website for publishing a ban edition of the paper.

o   The government threatened a ban on the Country’s main ISP(Zamnet)

Tanzania

October 2020

o   The Tanzania Communication Regulatory Authority (TCRA) ordered telco service providers to suspend access to bulk short messaging services (SMS) and bulk voice services.

o   Disruption to social media and online communication platforms via multiple internet providers as of Tuesday 27 October 2020 a day before the General Elections

 

 

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